Differing Developments of Organic Agriculture in Canada and Sweden

Differing Developments of Organic Agriculture in Canada and Sweden Author Darrell McLaughlin
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924108575188
Release 2007
Pages 265
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This work examines the move towards organic agriculture as an example of social change which can best be understood as the result of three factors: nature, social structure, and human agency. The focus of the discussion is on understanding the forces which have produced the concern for agricultural sustainability in Canada and Sweden.



Human Ecology of the Canadian Prairie Ecozone

Human Ecology of the Canadian Prairie Ecozone Author
ISBN-10 9780889772571
Release 2011
Pages 266
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Human Ecology of the Canadian Prairie Ecozone has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Human Ecology of the Canadian Prairie Ecozone also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Human Ecology of the Canadian Prairie Ecozone book for free.



Agriculture Trade and the Environment The Dairy Sector

Agriculture  Trade and the Environment The Dairy Sector Author OECD
ISBN-10 9789264015906
Release 2004-10-05
Pages 236
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This study takes an in-depth look at the dairy sector in OECD countries in order to see how agricultural subsidies and environmental policies are impacting the environment and international competitiveness of dairy products.



Managing Energy Nutrients and Pests in Organic Field Crops

Managing Energy  Nutrients  and Pests in Organic Field Crops Author Ralph C. Martin
ISBN-10 9781466568365
Release 2014-02-07
Pages 436
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The use of organic management practices in field cropping continues to rise globally, and these methods have proven to be a viable way to produce food with reduced resource use and environmental damage. Managing Energy, Nutrients, and Pests in Organic Field Crops challenges the popular misconception that organic systems are weak at managing energy, nutrients, and pests and shows how innovative farm designs can enhance organic performance. It provides information for assessing the current state of knowledge on organic field cropping and for making the systems more viable. Each chapter summarizes the latest data from a wide range of sources, creating a comprehensive and coherent picture of the issues and integrating agronomic, economic, and policy aspects. Many chapters also include recent research from the authors. Section I, Soil Health, examines the importance of phosphorus balance, soil fertility, and tillage reduction. Section II, Pest Management, focuses on integrated weed management and long-term approaches to insect management. Section III, Integrating Approaches, addresses multiple field cropping challenges. Chapters cover the oldest organic rotational trials in Canada, the issue of using cereals bred for conventional systems and more targeted organic cereal breeding strategies, and case studies of a broad spectrum of farming experiences that explore the broader social and ecological landscape. The final section, Economics, Energy, and Policy, examines environmental issues not previously addressed in the text as well as consumer, economic, and rural community matters. It also presents a reprint of an article that describes policies and programs (and their costs) needed to advance adoption of organic farming in Ontario. The text wraps up with key conclusions and a discussion of overarching themes for the book, summarizing the strengths of the available tool box for organic producers and the challenges that remain.



Using the Agricultural Environmental and Food Literature

Using the Agricultural  Environmental  and Food Literature Author Barbara S. Hutchinson
ISBN-10 9780824743765
Release 2002-07-17
Pages 536
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This text discusses a wide range of print and electronic media to locate hard-to-find documents, navigate poorly indexed subjects and investigate specific research topics and subcategories. It includes a chapter on grey and extension literature covering technical reports and international issues.



Ecological Agriculture and Rural Development in Central and Eastern European Countries

Ecological Agriculture and Rural Development in Central and Eastern European Countries Author Walter Leal Filho
ISBN-10 1586034391
Release
Pages
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Ecological Agriculture and Rural Development in Central and Eastern European Countries has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Ecological Agriculture and Rural Development in Central and Eastern European Countries also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Ecological Agriculture and Rural Development in Central and Eastern European Countries book for free.



Handbook of Organic Food Safety and Quality

Handbook of Organic Food Safety and Quality Author J Cooper
ISBN-10 9781845693411
Release 2007-07-26
Pages 544
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Due to increasing consumer demand for safe, high quality, ethical foods, the production and consumption of organic food and produce has increased rapidly over the past two decades. In recent years the safety and quality of organic foods has been questioned. If consumer confidence and demand in the industry is to remain high, the safety, quality and health benefits of organic foods must be assured. With its distinguished editor and team of top international contributors, Handbook of organic food safety and quality provides a comprehensive review of the latest research in the area. Part one provides an introduction to basic quality and safety with chapters on factors affecting the nutritional quality of foods, quality assurance and consumer expectations. Part two discusses the primary quality and safety issues related to the production of organic livestock foods including the effects of feeding regimes and husbandry on dairy products, poultry and pork. Further chapters discuss methods to control and reduce infections and parasites in livestock. Part three covers the main quality and safety issues concerning the production of organic crop foods, such as agronomic methods used in crop production and their effects on nutritional and sensory quality, as well as their potential health impacts. The final part of the book focuses on assuring quality and safety throughout the food chain. Chapters focus on post-harvest strategies to reduce contamination of food and produce, and ethical issues such as fair trade products. The final chapters conclude by reviewing quality assurance strategies relating to specific organic food sectors. The Handbook of organic food quality and safety is a standard reference for professionals and producers within the industry concerned with improving and assuring the quality and safety of organic foods. Improve the safety, quality and health benefits of organic foods Discusses the latest research findings in this area Focuses on assuring quality and safety throughout the food chain



Agrarian Landscapes in Transition

Agrarian Landscapes in Transition Author Charles Redman
ISBN-10 9780195367966
Release 2008-07-18
Pages 282
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Agrarian transformations represent the most pervasive alteration of the Earth's terrestrial environment over the past 10,000 years. Using North American examples, the book traces, compares, and contrasts the introduction, spread, and abandonment of agriculture at six U.S. long-term ecological research (LTER) sites. Indeed, lessons from these examples apply more broadly to inform socio-ecological studies, land use options, conservation strategies, restoration initiatives, and urban planning.



Agricultural Policy Reform and the Rural Economy in OECD Countries

Agricultural Policy Reform and the Rural Economy in OECD Countries Author OECD
ISBN-10 9789264162532
Release 1998-03-09
Pages 316
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The report, comprising a main report and case studies on Canada, France, Greece, Japan, New Zealand, Norway and Switzerland, addresses socio-economic developement of rural areas.



Explaining Compliance

Explaining Compliance Author Christine Parker
ISBN-10 9780857938732
Release 2011
Pages 400
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'Taking a broad view of regulation, and covering a wide range of issues and industries, this collection is the most innovative effort to date to understand the responses of business firms to regulation. The book brings together an impressive group of scholars who analyze the concept of compliance and offer theoretically informed studies of its assumed links to regulation. A must read for both academics and practitioners, this ground-breaking collection firmly establishes a scholarly field of compliance studies.' Ronen Shamir, Tel Aviv University, Israel 'Business responses to regulation is a key area of social science research. Parker and Nielsen's collection brings together an excellent group of scholars with innovative, and I believe highly influential contributions that problematize the relations between regulation and compliance. The collection is a highly welcome addition to our field, that will redefine the research agenda on compliance. A significant achievement that will help to improve policy making and frame the scholarly research agenda for the years to come.' David Levi-Faur, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel and the Free University of Berlin, Germany 'A timely and important set of analyses on how and why businesses respond to regulation in the way that they do from some of the leading authors in the field, covering business responses to both state and non-state regulatory systems.' Julia Black, London School of Economics, UK Explaining Compliance consists of sixteen specially commissioned chapters by the world's leading empirical researchers, examining whether and how businesses comply with regulation that is designed to affect positive behaviour changes. Each chapter consists of reflective summaries on business compliance with different state or voluntary regulation, and the theoretical lessons to be drawn from it. As a whole, the book develops understanding and explanations of how, why and in what circumstances, firms come to comply with regulation, and when they do not. It also uncovers the complexity, ambiguity and transformation of regulation as it is interpreted, implemented and negotiated by firms, their stakeholders and internal constituencies in everyday business life. This unique and detailed resource will appeal to academics, graduate students and senior undergraduates in law, political science, sociology, criminology, economics, and psychology, as well as business and interdisciplinary areas such as law and society, and law and economics. Anyone researching business regulation, corporate social responsibility, regulation and compliance, enforcement and compliance, and public administration, will also find this book beneficial.



Encyclopedia of Environmental Change

Encyclopedia of Environmental Change Author John A Matthews
ISBN-10 9781446264881
Release 2013-12-13
Pages 1496
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Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.



Organic Crop Breeding

Organic Crop Breeding Author Edith T. Lammerts van Bueren
ISBN-10 9780470958582
Release 2012-02-28
Pages 282
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Organic Crop Breeding provides readers with a thorough review of the latest efforts by crop breeders and geneticists to develop improved varieties for organic production. The book opens with chapters looking at breeding efforts that focus on specific valuable traits such as quality, pest and disease resistance as well as the impacts improved breeding efforts can have on organic production. The second part of the book is a series of crop specific case studies that look at breeding efforts currently underway from around the world in crops ranging from carrots to corn. Organic Crop Breeding includes chapters from leading researchers in the field and is carefully edited by two pioneers in the field. Organic Crop Breeding provides valuable insight for crop breeders, geneticist, crop science professionals, researchers, and advanced students in this quickly emerging field.



Rebels for the Soil

Rebels for the Soil Author Matthew Reed
ISBN-10 9781136531873
Release 2010-09-23
Pages 178
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This book investigates the emergence of organic food and farming as a social movement. Using the tools of political sociology it analyses and explains how both people and ideas have shaped a movement that from its inception aimed to change global agriculture. Starting from the British Empire in the 1930s, where the first trans-national roots of organic farming took hold, through to the internet-mediated social protests against genetically modified crops at the end of the twentieth century, the author traces the rise to prominence of the movement. As well as providing a historical account, the book explains the movement's on-going role in fostering and organising alternatives to the dominant intensive and industrial forms of agriculture, such as promoting local food produce and animal welfare. By considering it as a trans-national movement from its inception, aiming at cultural and social change, the book highlights what is unique about the organic movement and why it has risen only relatively recently to public attention. The author reports original research findings, focusing largely on the English-speaking world. The work is grounded in academic enquiry and theory, but also provides a narrative through which the movement can be understood by the more general interested reader.



Global Themes and Local Variations in Organization and Management

Global Themes and Local Variations in Organization and Management Author Gili S. Drori
ISBN-10 9781136493980
Release 2013-07-24
Pages 448
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Global Themes and Local Variations in Organization and Management: Perspectives on Glocalization offers a broad exposition of the relations between the global and the local with regard to organizational and managerial ideas, practices, and forms. This edited volume forges ahead to capture the complexity of modern management and organization that results from the processes of glocalization. Universality is among the core underlying principles of the management of organizations, as well as of organization and management science itself. Yet, reality reveals enormous variation across social and cultural contexts. For instance, multinational corporations must adjust their management practices to adhere to national regulation and local standards; manufacturers and service providers routinely tailor their products to suit the local preferences of consumers; and non-profit organizations amend their advocacy agenda to appeal to local sentiments. The work assembled here goes beyond merely describing such patterns of variation and adaptation in organization and management; research and commentary engage directly with the tensions between homogeneity and heterogeneity, convergence and divergence, global and local. With contributions from leading scholars in the field of comparative organization studies, this collection offers a substantive contribution to the investigation of organization and management, as well as providing a valuable resource for students of organization studies, international business, and sociology.



Creating Food Futures

Creating Food Futures Author Janice Jiggins
ISBN-10 9781317158561
Release 2016-05-13
Pages 268
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A global transformation in food supply and consumption is placing our food security at risk. What changes need to be made to the ways we trade, process and purchase our food if everyone in the world is going to have enough wholesome food to eat? Is there genuine scope for creating food futures that embrace considerations such as ecological sustainability and social equity as well as placing good food on the table - and making money? Drawing upon examples of innovative food chains in Europe, Canada, Africa and Latin America, leading academics and practitioners challenge the idea that individuals are powerless in the face of global supply chains and the legal apparatus protecting them. The authors do not, however, underestimate the scale of the task at hand. They explore the tensions and dilemmas inherent in innovative practice - such as the ethics of mainstreaming, balancing a variety of goals and the ways in which success is defined - as well as presenting success stories and explaining how they were achieved. Creating Food Futures provides you with inspiring examples of what is being done and thought-provoking suggestions for future work.



Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services Author Diana H. Wall
ISBN-10 9780191632563
Release 2012-06-14
Pages 424
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This multi-contributor, international volume synthesizes contributions from the world's leading soil scientists and ecologists, describing cutting-edge research that provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. The book covers these advances from a unique perspective of examining the ecosystem services produced by soil biota across different scales - from biotic interactions at microscales to communities functioning at regional and global scales. The book leads the user towards an understanding of how the sustainability of soils, biodiversity, and ecosystem services can be maintained and how humans, other animals, and ecosystems are dependent on living soils and ecosystem services.



Biotechnology Regulation and Trade

Biotechnology Regulation and Trade Author Stuart J. Smyth
ISBN-10 9783319532950
Release 2017-03-02
Pages 275
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This book discusses the regulatory and trade challenges facing the global adoption of biotechnological products and offers strategies for overcoming these obstacles and moving towards greater global food security. The first section of the book establishes the context of the conflict, discussing the challenges of global governance, international trade, and the history of regulation of genetically modified (GM) crops. In this section, the authors emphasize the shift from exclusively science-based regulation to the more socio-economically focused framework established by the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, which was adopted in 2000. The second section of the book provides a snapshot of the current state of international GM crop adoption and regulation, highlighting the US, Canada, and the EU. The final section of the book identifies options for breaking the gridlock of regulation and trade that presently exist. This book adds to the current literature by providing new information about innovative agricultural technologies and encouraging debate by providing an alternative to the narratives espoused by environmental non-governmental organizations. This book will appeal to students of economics, political science, and policy analysis, as well as members of regulatory agencies and agricultural industry firms.