Organic Chemistry Concepts and Applications for Medicinal Chemistry

Organic Chemistry Concepts and Applications for Medicinal Chemistry Author Joseph E. Rice
ISBN-10 9780128008324
Release 2014-04-14
Pages 224
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Organic Chemistry Concepts and Applications for Medicinal Chemistry provides a valuable refresher for understanding the relationship between chemical bonding and those molecular properties that help to determine medicinal activity. This book explores the basic aspects of structural organic chemistry without going into the various classes of reactions. Two medicinal chemistry concepts are also introduced: partition coefficients and the nomenclature of cyclic and polycyclic ring systems that comprise a large number of drug molecules. Given the systematic name of a drug, the reader is guided through the process of drawing an accurate chemical structure. By emphasizing the relationship between structure and properties, this book gives readers the connections to more fully comprehend, retain, apply, and build upon their organic chemistry background in further chemistry study, practice, and exams. Focused approach to review those organic chemistry concepts that are most important for medicinal chemistry practice and understanding Accessible content to refresh the reader's knowledge of bonding, structure, functional groups, stereochemistry, and more Appropriate level of coverage for students in organic chemistry, medicinal chemistry, and related areas; individuals seeking content review for graduate and medical courses and exams; pharmaceutical patent attorneys; and chemists and scientists requiring a review of pertinent material



Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry

Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry Author Wei Zhang
ISBN-10 9780470711514
Release 2012-07-23
Pages 742
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Green chemistry is a new way of looking at organic synthesis and the design of drug molecules, offering important environmental and economic advantages over traditional synthetic processes. Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly turning to the principles of green chemistry in an effort to reduce waste, reduce costs and develop environmentally benign processes. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry presents an overview of the established and emerging techniques in green organic chemistry, highlighting their applications in medicinal chemistry. The book is divided into four parts: Introduction: Introduces the reader to the toxicology of organic chemicals,their environmental impact, and the concept of green chemistry. Green Catalysis: Covers a variety of green catalytic techniques including organocatalysis, supported catalysis, biocatalysis, fluorous catalysis, and catalytic direct C-H bond activation reactions. Green Synthetic Techniques: Presents a series of new techniques, assessing the green chemistry aspects and limitations (i.e. cost, equipment, expertise). Techniques include reactions in alternative solvents, atom economic multicomponent reactions, microwave and ultrasonic reactions, solid-supported synthesis, fluorous and ionic liquid-based recycling techniques, and flow reactors. Green Techniques in Pharmaceutical Industry: Covers applications of green chemistry concepts and special techniques for medicinal chemistry, including synthesis, analysis, separation, formulation, , and drug delivery. Process and business case studies are included to illustrate the applications in the pharmaceutical industry. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals and students working in organic chemistry and medicinal chemistry.



Chemoselective and Bioorthogonal Ligation Reactions

Chemoselective and Bioorthogonal Ligation Reactions Author W. Russ Algar
ISBN-10 9783527683475
Release 2017-03-17
Pages 430
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This timely, one-stop reference is the first on an emerging and interdisciplinary topic. Covering both established and recently developed ligation chemistries, the book is divided into two didactic parts: a section that focuses on the details of bioorthogonal and chemoselective ligation reactions at the level of fundamental organic chemistry, and a section that focuses on applications, particularly in the areas of chemical biology, biomaterials, and bioanalysis, highlighting the capabilities and benefits of the ligation reactions. With chapters authored by outstanding scientists who range from trailblazers in the field to young and emerging leaders, this book on a highly interdisciplinary topic will be of great interest for biochemists, biologists, materials scientists, pharmaceutical chemists, organic chemists, and many others.



Peptidomimetics in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry

Peptidomimetics in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry Author Antonio Guarna
ISBN-10 9781118683149
Release 2014-03-14
Pages 312
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A peptidomimetic is a small protein-like chain designed to mimic a peptide with adjusted molecular properties such as enhanced stability or biological activity. It is a very powerful approach for the generation of small-molecule-based drugs as enzyme inhibitors or receptor ligands. Peptidomimetics in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry outlines the concepts and synthetic strategies underlying the building of bioactive compounds of a peptidomimetic nature. Topics covered include the chemistry of unnatural amino acids, peptide- and scaffold-based peptidomimetics, amino acid-side chain isosteres, backbone isosteres, dipeptide isosteres, beta-turn peptidomimetics, proline-mimetics as turn inducers, cyclic scaffolds, amino acid surrogates, and scaffolds for combinatorial chemistry of peptidomimetics. Case studies in the hit-to-lead process, such as the development of integrin ligands and thrombin inhibitors, illustrate the successful application of peptidomimetics in drug discovery.



NMR Spectroscopy

NMR Spectroscopy Author Harald Günther
ISBN-10 9783527674770
Release 2013-12-13
Pages 734
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Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is one of the most powerful and widely used techniques in chemical research for investigating structures and dynamics of molecules. Advanced methods can even be utilized for structure determinations of biopolymers, for example proteins or nucleic acids. NMR is also used in medicine for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The method is based on spectral lines of different atomic nuclei that are excited when a strong magnetic field and a radiofrequency transmitter are applied. The method is very sensitive to the features of molecular structure because also the neighboring atoms influence the signals from individual nuclei and this is important for determining the 3D-structure of molecules. This new edition of the popular classic has a clear style and a highly practical, mostly non-mathematical approach. Many examples are taken from organic and organometallic chemistry, making this book an invaluable guide to undergraduate and graduate students of organic chemistry, biochemistry, spectroscopy or physical chemistry, and to researchers using this well-established and extremely important technique. Problems and solutions are included.



The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry

The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry Author Camille Georges Wermuth
ISBN-10 9780124172135
Release 2015-07-01
Pages 902
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The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry, Fourth Edition provides a practical and comprehensive overview of the daily issues facing pharmaceutical researchers and chemists. In addition to its thorough treatment of basic medicinal chemistry principles, this updated edition has been revised to provide new and expanded coverage of the latest technologies and approaches in drug discovery. With topics like high content screening, scoring, docking, binding free energy calculations, polypharmacology, QSAR, chemical collections and databases, and much more, this book is the go-to reference for all academic and pharmaceutical researchers who need a complete understanding of medicinal chemistry and its application to drug discovery and development. Includes updated and expanded material on systems biology, chemogenomics, computer-aided drug design, and other important recent advances in the field Incorporates extensive color figures, case studies, and practical examples to help users gain a further understanding of key concepts Provides high-quality content in a comprehensive manner, including contributions from international chapter authors to illustrate the global nature of medicinal chemistry and drug development research An image bank is available for instructors at www.textbooks.elsevier.com



Phosphorus Ylides

Phosphorus Ylides Author Oleg I. Kolodiazhnyi
ISBN-10 9783527613915
Release 2008-09-26
Pages 568
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When Wittig first developed and described phosphorus ylides, nobody could have imagined how useful and versatile this class of compounds could be. This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date compilation of the chemistry and applications of phosphorus ylides in organic synthesis. The ylides are discussed as reagents in the synthesis of a broad range of substances, amongst them olefins, acetylenes, cyclic and heterocyclic compounds, in such naturally occurring compounds as pheromones, steroids and carotenoids, and pharmaceutically and biologically active compounds such as antibiotics and prostaglandins. A particularly beneficial feature of this book is the 150 key experimental procedures with all the necessary data, allowing the preparation to start immediately without the need for an extremely time-consuming literature search. But should a search prove inevitable, around 2,500 references provide easy access to the primary literature. Every chemist in academia and industry working in organic, bioorganic, inorganic, and medicinal chemistry will welcome this book as an inspiration of concepts, ideas and practical syntheses.



The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action

The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action Author Richard B. Silverman
ISBN-10 9780123820310
Release 2014-03-29
Pages 536
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The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action, Third Edition, represents a unique approach to medicinal chemistry based on physical organic chemical principles and reaction mechanisms that rationalize drug action, which allows reader to extrapolate those core principles and mechanisms to many related classes of drug molecules. This new edition includes updates to all chapters, including new examples and references. It reflects significant changes in the process of drug design over the last decade and preserves the successful approach of the previous editions while including significant changes in format and coverage. This text is designed for undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry studying medicinal chemistry or pharmaceutical chemistry; research chemists and biochemists working in pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Updates to all chapters, including new examples and references Chapter 1 (Introduction): Completely rewritten and expanded as an overview of topics discussed in detail throughout the book Chapter 2 (Lead Discovery and Lead Modification): Sections on sources of compounds for screening including library collections, virtual screening, and computational methods, as well as hit-to-lead and scaffold hopping; expanded sections on sources of lead compounds, fragment-based lead discovery, and molecular graphics; and deemphasized solid-phase synthesis and combinatorial chemistry Chapter 3 (Receptors): Drug-receptor interactions, cation-π and halogen bonding; atropisomers; case history of the insomnia drug suvorexant Chapter 4 (Enzymes): Expanded sections on enzyme catalysis in drug discovery and enzyme synthesis Chapter 5 (Enzyme Inhibition and Inactivation): New case histories: for competitive inhibition, the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, erlotinib and Abelson kinase inhibitor, imatinib for transition state analogue inhibition, the purine nucleoside phosphorylase inhibitors, forodesine and DADMe-ImmH, as well as the mechanism of the multisubstrate analog inhibitor isoniazid for slow, tight-binding inhibition, the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, saxagliptin Chapter 7 (Drug Resistance and Drug Synergism): This new chapter includes topics taken from two chapters in the previous edition, with many new examples Chapter 8 (Drug Metabolism): Discussions of toxicophores and reactive metabolites Chapter 9 (Prodrugs and Drug Delivery Systems): Discussion of antibody–drug conjugates



Review of Organic Functional Groups

Review of Organic Functional Groups Author Thomas L. Lemke
ISBN-10 0781743818
Release 2003
Pages 156
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Designed to be used as a self-paced review, this text outlines the functional groups common to organic chemistry, reviewing the general topics of nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, and metabolism. The text provides background material for the formal pharmacy courses in medicinal chemistry, easing the transition from general organic chemistry courses required of all pre-pharmacy students. The Fourth Edition will include a workbook on CD-ROM as well as an index on general drug metabolism. Students who use this text are able to complete difficult tasks such as: drawing a chemical structure or official chemical name; predicting solubility of chemicals in liquids; predicting and showing, with chemical structures, the metabolism of organic functional groups; predicting and showing instabilities, with chemical structures.



Biomedical Chemistry

Biomedical Chemistry Author Paul F. Torrence
ISBN-10 047132633X
Release 2000-01-24
Pages 415
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How basic chemical ideas help advance the understanding and treatment of disease Biomedical Chemistry presents clear, concise coverage of the application of chemistry to drug discovery and determination of disease etiology, highlighting its role in the explosive growth of biotechnology and molecular biology. Through expert contributions from leading researchers in diverse fields, the book provides readers with an understanding of how fundamental chemical concepts are used in the development of novel approaches to the major problems in medicine today. The authors explain both the science and reasoning underlying each experimental approach, exploring cutting-edge developments in AIDS, cancer, alcoholism, Parkinson's disease, trypanosomiasis, emphysema, and malaria. Contemporary research problems discussed include: * Mechanism-based drug discovery * Design of new antitumor and antiviral agents * Targeting tumors using magnetic drug delivery * Antisense and antigene agents Easily accessible to anyone with a solid undergraduate background in chemistry, Biomedical Chemistry is an excellent resource for researchers in health-related fields as well as anyone seeking an overview of frontier topics in medicinal chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry.



Essentials of Organic Chemistry

Essentials of Organic Chemistry Author Paul M. Dewick
ISBN-10 9781118681961
Release 2013-03-20
Pages 704
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Essentials of Organic Chemistry is an accessible introduction to the subject for students of Pharmacy, Medicinal Chemistry and Biological Chemistry. Designed to provide a thorough grounding in fundamental chemical principles, the book focuses on key elements of organic chemistry and carefully chosen material is illustrated with the extensive use of pharmaceutical and biochemical examples. In order to establish links and similarities the book places prominence on principles and deductive reasoning with cross-referencing. This informal text also places the main emphasis on understanding and predicting reactivity rather than synthetic methodology as well as utilising a mechanism based layout and featuring annotated schemes to reduce the need for textual explanations. * tailored specifically to the needs of students of Pharmacy Medical Chemistry and Biological Chemistry * numerous pharmaceutical and biochemical examples * mechanism based layout * focus on principles and deductive reasoning This will be an invaluable reference for students of Pharmacy Medicinal and Biological Chemistry.



Prodrug Design

Prodrug Design Author Vivekkumar K Redasani
ISBN-10 9780128035573
Release 2015-07-07
Pages 84
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Prodrug Design: Perspectives, Approaches and Applications in Medicinal Chemistry provides a focused overview of this critical area of drug discovery, as that continuous process strives not only to discover new drug compounds but also to modify the existing ones. This valuable primer supports this mission of drug development and its goal of reducing undesired effects and improving therapeutic effectiveness of drug compounds. Providing a unique compilation of data, insightful case studies, and review of existing literature in the area, the book will promote innovation in medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry research, exploring the limitations of existing drugs and their improvement. Prodrug Design reviews marketed compounds, the safety of promoieties, and a detailed classification of prodrugs organized by therapeutic area for easy reference. Offers unique, detailed overview of Prodrug research and literature Provides detailed chemical structures Includes Prodrug listing by therapeutic area



Understanding the Basics of QSAR for Applications in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Risk Assessment

Understanding the Basics of QSAR for Applications in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Risk Assessment Author Kunal Roy
ISBN-10 9780128016336
Release 2015-03-03
Pages 484
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Understanding the Basics of QSAR for Applications in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Risk Assessment describes the historical evolution of quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approaches and their fundamental principles. This book includes clear, introductory coverage of the statistical methods applied in QSAR and new QSAR techniques, such as HQSAR and G-QSAR. Containing real-world examples that illustrate important methodologies, this book identifies QSAR as a valuable tool for many different applications, including drug discovery, predictive toxicology and risk assessment. Written in a straightforward and engaging manner, this is the ideal resource for all those looking for general and practical knowledge of QSAR methods. Includes numerous practical examples related to QSAR methods and applications Follows the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development principles for QSAR model development Discusses related techniques such as structure-based design and the combination of structure- and ligand-based design tools



Principles of Organic Medicinal Chemistry

Principles of Organic Medicinal Chemistry Author Rama Rao Nadendla
ISBN-10 9788122415711
Release 2007-01-01
Pages 330
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The Book Principles Of Organic Medicinal Chemistry Describes The Principles And Concepts Of Chemistry, Synthetic Schemes, Structure Activity Relationships, Mechanism Of Action And Clinical Uses Of Carbon Compounds In The Light Of Modern Trends. The Book Covers The Syllabai Of B. Pharmacy And M.Pharmacy Courses Of All Indian Universities.This Book Comprises Of 22 Chapters. Chapter 1 Gives An Introduction To Medicinal Chemistry, Chapter 2 Explain About The Basics On Principles Of Drug Action And Physicochemical Properties Of Organic Medicinal, Substances Are Elaborated In Chapter 3. The Concepts Of Prodrugs And Drug Metabolism Are Summarized In Chapter 4 And Chapter 5 Respectively. Chapter 6 To Chapter 22 Explains Chemistry, Properties, Mechanism Of Action, Structure Activity Relationships, Chemistry Of Newer Drugs And Clinical Uses Of Various Therapeutic Agents. At The End Of Book, A Set Of More Than 200 Essays And Short Questions And 225 Objective Questions With Answers Are St Strategically Designed.



LC NMR and Other Hyphenated NMR Techniques

LC NMR and Other Hyphenated NMR Techniques Author Maria V. Silva Elipe
ISBN-10 9781118135389
Release 2011-12-20
Pages 256
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This practical guide provides a basic overview of the pros and cons of NMR spectroscopy as both a hyphenated and non-hyphenated technique. The book begins with a description of basic NMR concepts for the structural elucidation of organic compounds and then details the historical development of NMR and hyphenated NMR in the structural elucidation world, followed by applications of hyphenated NMR as LC-NMR and LC-MS-NMR in industry and academia. It also contains updated information on the latest advancements and applications of LC-NMR in such areas as degradation products, drug metabolism, food analysis, and drug discovery. An essential resource for scientists in industry and academia who work in the areas of organic chemistry, medicinal chemistry, process chemistry, and analytical chemistry.



Chiral Drugs

Chiral Drugs Author Guo-Qiang Lin
ISBN-10 1118075633
Release 2011-08-08
Pages 528
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An integrated view of chiral drugs—from concept and synthesisto pharmaceutical properties Chirality greatly influences a drug's biological and pharmacological properties. In an effort to achieve more predictable results from chiral drugs, the Food and Drug Administration now requires that these medicines be as pure as possible, which places great demands on drug synthesis, purification, analysis, and testing. To assist researchers in acquiring the essential knowledge to meet these rigid guidelines, Chiral Drugs focuses on three vital chiral technologies—asymmetric synthesis, biocatalytic process, and chiral resolution—to offer details on the basic concepts, key developments, and recent trends in chiral drug discovery, along with: The history of chiral drugs development and industrial applications of chiral technologies A section listing twenty-five approved or advanced-trial chiral drugs that lists each drug name, chemical name and properties, a representative synthetic pathway, pharmacological characterizations, and references An interdisciplinary approach combining synthetic organic chemistry, medicinal chemistry, and pharmacology Nearly two-thirds of the drugs on today's market are chiral drugs. Reducing and eliminating their negative characteristics is an ongoing and serious challenge for the pharmaceutical industry. With its well-balanced approach to covering each important aspect of chirality, Chiral Drugs champions important strategies for tipping the medical scale in a positive direction for the production of more effective—and safer—drugs.



Amino Acids Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry Protection Reactions Medicinal Chemistry Combinatorial Synthesis

Amino Acids  Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry  Protection Reactions  Medicinal Chemistry  Combinatorial Synthesis Author
ISBN-10 9783527641574
Release 2011-06-03
Pages 552
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This is the fourth of five books in the Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins in Organic Synthesis series. Closing a gap in the literature, this is the only series to cover this important topic in organic and biochemistry. Drawing upon the combined expertise of the international "who's who" in amino acid research, these volumes represent a real benchmark for amino acid chemistry, providing a comprehensive discussion of the occurrence, uses and applications of amino acids and, by extension, their polymeric forms, peptides and proteins. The practical value of each volume is heightened by the inclusion of experimental procedures. The 5 volumes cover the following topics: Volume 1: Origins and Synthesis of Amino Acids Volume 2: Modified Amino Acids, Organocatalysis and Enzymes Volume 3: Building Blocks, Catalysis and Coupling Chemistry Volume 4: Protection Reactions, Medicinal Chemistry, Combinatorial Synthesis Volume 5: Analysis and Function of Amino Acids and Peptides The fourth volume in this series is structured in three main sections. The first section is about protection reactions and amino acid based peptidomimetics. The second, and most extensive, part is devoted to the medicinal chemistry of amino acids. It includes, among others, the chemistry of alpha- and beta amino acids, peptide drugs, and advances in N- and O-glycopeptide synthesis. The final part deals with amino acids in combinatorial synthesis. Methods, such as phage display, library peptide synthesis, and computational design are described. Originally planned as a six volume series, Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry now completes with five volumes but remains comprehensive in both scope and coverage. Further information about the 5 Volume Set and purchasing details can be viewed here.