Approaching Difficulties in Literacy Development

Approaching Difficulties in Literacy Development Author Felicity Fletcher-Campbell
ISBN-10 9781446202418
Release 2009-08-24
Pages 320
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This Reader considers the complexity of literacy difficulties, showing how research into literacy difficulties has to be multi-faceted and multi-disciplinary and involve a range of research approaches and methods. The chapters show that this is necessary to accommodate the wide range of issues that can, potentially, explain literacy difficulties and suggest strategies and interventions to ease those difficulties. Starting from the point that literacy is a contested concept and that acquiring literacy is a complex process, this Reader goes on to consider literacy development in relation to: - Theoretical understandings, implications for practice - Assessing literacy difficulties - Pedagogy and planning - Interventions in different contexts This Reader is relevant to all postgraduate students of Literacy, as well as educators, professionals and policy makers.

Cognition and Action in Skilled Behaviour

Cognition and Action in Skilled Behaviour Author A.M. Colley
ISBN-10 008086709X
Release 1988-09-01
Pages 424
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This book contains a number of chapters on the control and execution of skilled movements, as well as more general chapters on theoretical issues in skilled performance. The contributors have summarised their most recent research, and general themes and issues are presented in discussion chapters at the end of each section, thus providing a good general summary of the kind of research and theoretical frameworks developing in this area. The first section is concerned with the theoretical issues of programming and co-ordination. Issues raised in the second section are basic to much of the research reviewed in the volume. This section summarises the various theoretical positions in the recent debates on the role of cognitive processes in motor control and the usefulness of the ``psychomotor'' approach, and contains chapters based on individual papers which present relevant empirical findings. The third section deals with the learning and performance of skilled movements, containing papers with practical implications for everyday skills. The final section contains chapters on cognitive processes in skilled performance.

Human Resource Management Practices in Selected Ethiopian Private Companies A Study to Increase Employee Productivity in Ethiopia

Human Resource Management Practices in Selected Ethiopian Private Companies  A Study to Increase Employee Productivity in Ethiopia Author Dirk J. van Wasbeek
ISBN-10 9781581122442
Release 2004-09-24
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This dissertation examines how human resources are managed at selected Ethiopian private companies, how Ethiopian human resource management practice is evolving and how it can be improved. The examination is qualitative and exploratory, since no comparative research on human resource management has yet been conducted at Ethiopian profit or non-profit organizations. An understanding of Ethiopian human resource management practice makes it possible to improve Ethiopian human resource management practice, and thus to increase employee productivity. The study took place at four manufacturing and four service companies in Addis Ababa, all representative of their sector. The research claim is that Ethiopian human resource management practices differ from human resource management practices in the West, due to differences in cultural factors, economic systems, political systems, and legal and industrial relations. For this reason, Ethiopia s culture, politics, economy and legal and industrial relations have been analyzed. The main finding of this study is that the importance of human resource management is not uniformly understood at all the case-study companies. Although the multinational companies based in Ethiopia see their human resources as the companies most important asset, as human capital, the local companies generally do not. The fact that respondents claim that Ethiopia has limited experience in industrialization might explain why human resource management in Ethiopia is rudimentary and still has a long way to go. With this dissertation the researcher wants to contribute to improving Ethiopian human resource management practice. Moreover, this dissertation may be used as a framework for similar research in other sectors or for more specific in-depth research. This dissertation may also serve as a knowledge base for company managers, business consultants, academics and government officials of countries with a national culture similar to Ethiopia s (for example Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia), countries undergoing (or which have undergone) a recent transition to a free market economy, and countries facing similar macro-economic developments.

Cognitive Aspects of Skilled Typewriting

Cognitive Aspects of Skilled Typewriting Author W. E. Cooper
ISBN-10 9781461254706
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 417
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This volume marks the 75th anniversary of the publication of William Book's 1908 The Psychology of Skill, in which typewriting received its first large-scale treatment from a psychological standpoint. As Book realized early on, this form of human behavior is particularly well suited to testing psychological theories of complex motor skill and its acquisition, present ing as it does a task that richly engages cognitive and motor components of programming, yet involves a form of response output that can be readily quantified. Now that typewriting is practiced so widely in workday circumstances, studying this activity offers the additional prospect of practical applicability. Until recently, relatively few studies had been conducted on the psychology of typewriting. One might speculate that this dearth of interest stemmed in part from the fact that researchers themselves rarely undertook the activity, delegating it instead to the secretarial pool. Psychological research on piano playing has produced a literature more sizable than the one on typewriting, yet the latter activity has probably been practiced for many more total human hours in this century. But contemporary developments in word processing technology have moved the typewriter into the researcher's office, and in recent years interest in accompanying psychological issues has grown.

Skilled Migration Expectation and Reality

Skilled Migration  Expectation and Reality Author Ying Lu
ISBN-10 9781317054528
Release 2016-04-01
Pages 220
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Many governments seek to attract skilled migrants into the top occupational groups and now have significant groups of overseas-born professionals in their workforces. Such groups are expected to contribute significantly to the economic and social development of their new countries. There has been sustained debate between those taking the view that skilled migrants are integrated without much difficulty and those concerned that a mismatch between aspirational government policies and actual organisational practice generates discontent and frustration among skilled immigrants. If the latter is correct, it seems likely that host societies will not benefit from the injection of human capital in terms of creativity and innovation. In Skilled Migration, Expectation and Reality the authors report the findings of their research into the acculturation and integration issues confronting professional Chinese immigrants in the Australian labour market. Australia serves as a good example of the phenomenon under examination, being a country where Chinese are one of the largest non-English speaking ethnic groups and where they are strongly concentrated in the top occupational groups. The authors’ rigorous quantitative and qualitative study is one of the first systematic examinations of acculturation to focus specifically on the workplace. It reveals fascinating insights regarding the strategies that professional immigrants are compelled to adopt because they are unable to find appropriate channels through which to integrate and assimilate into the host society.

Global Diasporas and Development

Global Diasporas and Development Author Sadananda Sahoo
ISBN-10 9788132210474
Release 2013-12-02
Pages 399
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​This volume discusses how diasporas have evolved and engaged in economic, social and cultural domains of their host and home countries across the globe. The volume is divided into six parts: Issues, Challenges and Development Experiences; Diaspora Finance and Economic Development; Knowledge Transfer and Diasporas; The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion; Gender and Diasporas; and Representation in Film, Theatre and Literature. It is truly a global representation of diasporic engagement. Its contributions come from experts in various disciplines across the globe, and the chapters cover socioeconomic, policy-related and cultural elements in countries as far apart as New Zealand and Zimbabwe. The contributors discuss major issues related to local communities' engagement with the diaspora and diaspora--home relations in Africa, West Asia, South and South-east Asia, Australia and New Zealand, China, and the USA, providing a panoramic view of diasporic flows in the twenty-first century. The interdisciplinary thrust of the volume, together with its global focus, makes this volume useful to researchers, academics and experts from the social sciences, population sciences and development studies, as also to analysts and policymakers across the world.

International Mobility of the Highly Skilled

International Mobility of the Highly Skilled Author OECD
ISBN-10 9264196080
Release 2001-12-11
Pages 352
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These conference proceedings provide data on the scale and characteristics of flows and stocks of skilled and highly skilled foreign workers, assess the quality of the data available and the concepts used, and discuss how to improve their comparability.

Overeducated and Over Here Skilled EU Migrants in Britain

Overeducated and Over Here  Skilled EU Migrants in Britain Author Bradley Saunders
ISBN-10 9781910781043
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Overeducated and Over Here Skilled EU Migrants in Britain has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Overeducated and Over Here Skilled EU Migrants in Britain also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Overeducated and Over Here Skilled EU Migrants in Britain book for free.

Exploring Developmental Psychology

Exploring Developmental Psychology Author Margaret Harris
ISBN-10 9781473903081
Release 2008-01-18
Pages 360
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`This is a beautifully written account of the most important ways in which developmental psychologists go about their business, illustrated with carefully chosen articles which are carefully described in order to make the designs, methodologies, analysis and interpretation of the results readily accessible to a non-expert readership. This will become the preferred textbook for those who want an up-to-date, interesting and accessible introduction to developmental psychology research' - Alan Slater, University of Exeter A wide range of techniques is used to investigate children's development. This book, which is aimed at advanced undergraduates and postgraduate students in psychology and related areas, provides a guide to key theories and methods used by researchers. Carefully chosen articles are accompanied by a commentary from the author that, among other things, helps students to understand the rationale for a study, the choice of design and assessment measures, use of statistics and the interpretation of results. A wide range of recent research papers is included to cover observational and experimental methods from infancy to adolescence. The research papers are introduced by two chapters that consider the relationship between theory and methods, explaining how models of development differ from one another and how they can be tested through experimental studies.

Egan s Skilled Helper Model

Egan s Skilled Helper Model Author Val Wosket
ISBN-10 9781135453695
Release 2008-02-22
Pages 288
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The skilled helper model of counselling is hugely influential in the helping professions. Egan's Skilled Helper Model brings a number of new and challenging perspectives to bear on Egan's work and makes a major contribution to the development of this problem-management and opportunity-development approach to helping. Val Wosket draws on over twenty years experience of counselling, training and supervising to provide a clear exposition of the model and situate it in contemporary counselling practice. Numerous case studies are provided throughout, along with contributions from experienced practitioners, illustrating how the model can be applied in a variety of clinical settings and with a range of counselling issues. Egan's Skilled Helper Model builds on and extends the aims of Egan's original work, covering key topics, including: Developing a client-responsive approach that places the therapeutic relationship at the heart of the model Applying the skilled helper model in research, training and supervision Translating the model into more accessible and adaptable language This book provides an invaluable resource for trainees, trainers, supervisors and experienced practitioners wishing to update their knowledge of the model. It will also be of great interest to anyone in the helping professions looking for a pragmatic integrative framework that is adaptable to a diverse range of client issues and contexts.

The Labour Supply of Low skilled

The Labour Supply of Low skilled Author
ISBN-10 9789289315715
Release 2007-10-30
Pages 142
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En sammenlignende undersøgelse af hvordan arbejdsløshedsforsikringerne for lavtuddannet arbejdskraft siden 1990 har ændret sig i de nordiske lande i takt med ændrede arbejdsmarkeder

In Search of Highly Skilled Workers

In Search of Highly Skilled Workers Author Ligaya J. Fernandez
ISBN-10 9781437902938
Release 2008-08-01
Pages 53
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Each year, the Gov¿t. hires tens of thousands of new employees. Traditionally, the vast majority of these new employees were appointed at grades GS-11 and below. However, the number of new hires at grades GS-12 and above has been increasing, especially since FY 2000. New programs often require the influx of new expertise at higher levels. As the senior or journeyman-level analysts, supervisors and managers, these new upper level employees have critical roles in the effective and efficient operation of the Gov¿t. This group of new employees was studied to determine whether the Gov¿t. is hiring the best applicants for these jobs in accord with the merit system principles and to find ways to improve the hiring of these personnel.

Innovative People Mobility of Skilled Personnel in National Innovation Systems

Innovative People Mobility of Skilled Personnel in National Innovation Systems Author OECD
ISBN-10 9789264195585
Release 2001-09-12
Pages 308
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Based on new empirical evidence, this publication compares the rates and patterns of mobility of high-skilled labour in a sample of OECD countries.

The Skilled Helper A Problem Management and Opportunity Development Approach to Helping

The Skilled Helper  A Problem Management and Opportunity Development Approach to Helping Author Gerard Egan
ISBN-10 9780495601890
Release 2009-07-10
Pages 496
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Internationally recognized for its successful problem-management and opportunity development approach to effective helping, THE SKILLED HELPER emphasizes the collaborative nature of the therapist-client relationship and uses a practical, three-stage model that drives client problem-managing and opportunity-developing action. The author effectively guides readers through this proven step-by-step counseling process that teaches them how to become a more confident and competent helper, as well as giving them a feeling for the complexity inherent in any helping relationship. In this new ninth edition, Egan continues to build upon the positive psychology, solution-focused theme by adding insightful new discussions on evidence-based practice, research, and philosophical perspectives. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Working Life

The Working Life Author Nan L. Maxwell
ISBN-10 9780880992985
Release 2006
Pages 193
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Over the past few decades, the economic prospects for workers possessing relatively few skills have worsened as the demand for skills in the labor market has increased. Even in jobs that might be categorized as low-skilled, workers require a diverse set of skills to succeed. Many of these skills can only be obtained through schooling or job training. This is why workers lacking skills find it difficult to attain a foothold in the labor market and why employers have difficulty filling low-skilled jobs. While it was previously assumed that the supply of workers able to fill low-skilled jobs exceeded the demand, this book reveals that the labor market for low-skilled workers actually operates quite differently. Maxwell presents the results of her groundbreaking survey of 405 employers, which queried them about jobs requiring no more than a high school education and no more than one year of work experience. These data allow her to establish the link between skills and low-skilled jobs and to reveal the current state of the labor market facing low-skilled workers. The data also highlights the knowledge and skills that employers require in low-skilled jobs and the abilities that individuals who apply for those jobs bring to the table. Overall, the employers' responses allow Maxwell to make the following five key points: (1) Low-skilled jobs require skills. Low-skilled jobs are not no-skilled jobs. While individuals do not have to have a high level of credentials to apply for low-skilled jobs, once they are hired, employers emphasize that they must possess the requisite skills to succeed in their jobs. Among them are the so-called new basic skills: English, math, problem-solving, and communication skills. In addition, appropriate workplace behavior and the ability to follow instructions are important, and physical abilities and mechanical skills are also required, often at levels more intense than at other jobs; (2) Shortages of appropriately skilled workers in low-skilled jobs exist, even when labor markets are slack. Close to 60 percent of firms in this study report great difficulty--one-fourth of them had extreme difficulty--finding qualified workers for low-skilled jobs even when unemployment rates exceed 7.0 percent; (3) Skills are rewarded in the labor market for workers in low-skilled jobs. Low-skilled jobs requiring skills with a high relative demand in the local labor market (I.E., skills in short supply) carry increased occupational wages; (4) Low skilled jobs offer promotional opportunities. Firms report that over 90 percent of entry-level low-skilled jobs have promotional opportunities, as long as workers are willing and able to expand their skill sets. Firms also construct pipelines of appropriately skilled workers by hiring entry-level workers with skills needed in the position above entry level; and (5) Hiring requirements in low-skilled jobs are relaxed in tight labor markets. Firms match recruiting and screening methods to the skills needed in the low-skilled jobs. As labor markets loosen, these firms use less extensive recruiting methods but adopt more intensive screening methods. This suggests that, during loose labor markets, firms sort through a greater number of applicants in order to uncover workers with the skill sets needed in the job. Maxwell also defines low-skilled jobs, identifies the populations who fill these jobs and the economic realities facing them, and offers policy solutions aimed at facilitating the career development of low-skilled individuals. These solutions include building skills while attending public schools and while attending publicly-funded employment and training programs. They also include increasing the demand for low-skilled workers and refining the nation's workforce development programs to better steer individuals into jobs providing economic self-sufficiency. The following chapters are contained in this book: (1) Low Skilled Jobs: The Reality behind the Popular Perceptions; (2) Local Labor Markets and Low-Skilled Jobs: Theory and Data; (3) How Skills Matter; (4) Recruiting and Screening Workers in Low-Skilled Positions; (5) Skills, Promotions, and Low-Skilled Positions; (6) Labor Markets for Workers in Low-Skilled Positions: How Can Policies Help Workers?

Women and Low Skilled Workers

Women and Low Skilled Workers Author Sigurd R. . Nilsen
ISBN-10 1422319121
Release 2007-12-01
Pages 42
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Increasing retirements & declining fertility rates could affect the labor force growth in many developed countries. To maintain the size & productivity of the labor force, many gov'ts. & employers have introduced strategies to keep workers, such as women & low-skilled workers, in the workforce throughout their working lives. The author was asked to: (1) describe the policies & practices implemented in other developed countries that may help women & low-wage/low-skilled workers enter & remain in the labor force; (2) examine the targeted groups¿ employment following the implementation of the policies & practices; & (3) identify the factors that affect employees¿ use of workplace benefits & the resulting implications. Charts & tables.

Rethinking International Skilled Migration

Rethinking International Skilled Migration Author Micheline van Riemsdijk
ISBN-10 9781317420767
Release 2016-10-04
Pages 334
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In today’s global knowledge economy, competition for the best and brightest workers has intensified. Highly skilled workers are an asset to companies, knowledge institutions, cities, and regions as they contribute to knowledge creation, innovation, and economic growth and development. Skilled migrants cross, and many times straddle, international borders to pursue professional opportunities. These spatial relocations provide opportunities and challenges for migrants and the cities and regions they inhabit. How have international skilled migratory flows been formed, sustained, and transformed over multiple spaces and scales? How have these processes affected cities and regions? And how have multiple stakeholders responded to these processes? The contributors to this book bring together perspectives from economic, social, urban, and population geography in order to address these questions from a myriad of angles. Empirical case studies from different regions illuminate the multiscaled processes of international skilled migration. In particular, the contributions rethink skilled migration theories and provide insights into: the experiences of highly skilled labor migrants and international students; issues related to transnational activities and return migration; and policy implications for both immigrant source and destination countries. It also charts a future research agenda for international skilled migration research. Rethinking International Skilled Migration provides a comparative perspective on the experiences of skilled migrants across the local, regional, national, and/or global scale, paying particular attention to spatial and place-based dimensions of international skilled migration. It will be of interest to scholars and professionals in international migration, regional and national development policymakers, international businesses, and NGOs.