The Mercersburg Theology and the Quest for Reformed Catholicity

The Mercersburg Theology and the Quest for Reformed Catholicity Author W. Bradford Littlejohn
ISBN-10 9781606082416
Release 2009-07-01
Pages 214
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In the mid nineteenth century, Reformed churchmen John Nevin and Philip Schaff launched a fierce attack on the reigning subjectivist and rationalist Protestantism of their day, giving birth to what is known as the "Mercersburg Theology." Their attempt to recover a high doctrine of the sacraments and the visible Church, among other things, led them into bitter controversy with Charles Hodge of Princeton Seminary, as well as several other prominent contemporaries. This book examines the contours of the disagreement between Mercersburg and Hodge, focusing on four loci in particular-Christology, ecclesiology, sacramentology, and church history. W. Bradford Littlejohn argues that, despite certain weaknesses in their theological method, the Mercersburg men offered a more robust and historically grounded paradigm for the Reformed faith than did Hodge. In the second part of the book, Littlejohn explores the value of the Mercersburg Theology as a bridgehead for ecumenical dialogue, uncovering parallels between Nevin's thought and prominent themes in Anglican, Catholic, and Orthodox theology, as well as recent debates within Reformed theology. This thorough study of one of the most creative movements in American theology offers an alluring vision of the quest for Reformed catholicity that is more relevant today than ever.



Coena Mystica

Coena Mystica Author John Williamson Nevin
ISBN-10 9781621896241
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 246
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Coena Mystica contains the never-before-reprinted text of John Williamson Nevin's response to Charles Hodge's devastating critiques of his 1846 magnum opus, The Mystical Presence. Initially appearing in twelve issues of the little-known Weekly Messenger of the German Reformed Church and almost entirely neglected by historians since, Nevin's response included the full text of Hodge's article, with his rejoinders interspersed every few pages. These articles, in addition to providing a lively and illuminating debate on the roots of Reformed eucharistic theology, take the disputants into such fields as the nature of the church, the development of doctrine, the person and work of Christ, and the merits of German idealism. The quality of the historical argument and theological acumen here displayed makes this exchange one of the landmark theological controversies of the nineteenth century, a gift to historians of the period, students of Reformed theology, and anyone seeking to better understand the contentious legacy of the Protestant Reformation.The present critical edition carefully preserves the original text, while providing extensive introductions, annotations, and bibliography to orient the modern reader and facilitate further scholarship. The Mercersburg Theology Study Series is an attempt to make available for the first time, in attractive, readable, and scholarly modern editions, the key writings of the nineteenth-century movement known as the Mercersburg Theology. An ambitious multi-year project, this aims to make an important contribution to the scholarly community and to the broader reading public, who can at last be properly introduced to this unique blend of American and European, Reformed and Catholic the



The Mystical Presence

The Mystical Presence Author John Williamson Nevin
ISBN-10 9781610971690
Release 2012-04-19
Pages 384
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The Mystical Presence (1846), John Williamson Nevin's magnum opus, was an attempt to combat the sectarianism and subjectivism of nineteenth-century American religion by recovering the robust sacramental and incarnational theology of the Protestant Reformation, enriched with the categories of German idealism. In it, he makes the historical case for the spiritual real presence as the authentic Reformed doctrine of the Eucharist, and explains the theological and philosophical context that render the doctrine intelligible. The 1850 article "The Doctrine of the Reformed Church on the Lord's Supper" represents his response to his arch critic, Charles Hodge of Princeton Seminary, providing what is still considered a definitive historical treatment of Reformed eucharistic theology. Both texts demonstrate Nevin's immense erudition and theological creativity, contributing to our understanding not only of Reformed theology, but also of the unique milieu of nineteenth-century American religion. The present critical edition carefully preserves the original text, while providing extensive introductions, annotations, and bibliography to orient the modern reader and facilitate further scholarship. The Mercersburg Theology Study Series is an attempt to make available for the first time--in attractive, readable, and scholarly modern editions--the key writings of the nineteenth-century movement known as the Mercersburg Theology. An ambitious multi-year project, this aims to make an important contribution to the academic community and to the broader reading public, who may at last be properly introduced to this unique blend of American and European, Reformed and Catholic theology.



The Incarnate Word

The Incarnate Word Author John Williamson Nevin
ISBN-10 9781630877545
Release 2014-12-29
Pages 288
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The Incarnate Word contains a selection of the key writings on the doctrines of Christology produced by the theologians of Mercersburg Seminary during the middle of the nineteenth century. Despite the seminary's small stature and marginal position within American religious life, these texts represent some of the most profound wrestlings with the doctrine of the person of Christ that appeared in antebellum America, engaging the latest in German theological scholarship as well as the riches of the Christian tradition. As such, they command more than mere historical interest, providing rich conversation partners for contemporary debates in Reformed Christology, and anticipating the insights of such key twentieth-century theologians as T. F. Torrance. The present critical edition carefully preserves the original texts, while providing extensive introductions, annotations, and bibliography to orient the modern reader and facilitate further scholarship. The Mercersburg Theology Study Series is an attempt to make available for the first time, in attractive, readable, and scholarly modern editions, the key writings of the nineteenth-century movement known as the Mercersburg Theology. An ambitious multi-year project, this aims to make an important contribution to the scholarly community and to the broader reading public, who can at last be properly introduced to this unique blend of American and European, Reformed and catholic theology.



Born of Water and the Spirit

Born of Water and the Spirit Author John Williamson Nevin
ISBN-10 9781498235495
Release 2016-03-29
Pages 280
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Born of Water and the Spirit presents essays on the sacraments by the three major representatives of "Mercersburg Theology," John Nevin, Philip Schaff, and Emanuel Gerhart. It focuses on Mercersburg's doctrine of baptism and Christian nurture, attempts to correct putative deficiencies of the major Reformed trajectories (e.g., New England and Princeton), and vigorously critiques the anti-sacramental animus of revivalistic evangelicalism. Mercersburg understood baptism as initiating a person (adult or infant) into the sacramental life of the church. Baptism and Eucharist were objective, spiritually real actions that made (what Nevin called) the "mystical presence" of Jesus Christ present to Christians, bringing transformative power into their lives. The present critical edition carefully preserves the original texts, while providing extensive introductions, annotations, and bibliography to orient the modern reader and facilitate further scholarship. The Mercersburg Theology Study Series is an attempt to make available for the first time, in attractive, readable, and scholarly modern editions, the key writings of the nineteenth-century movement known as the Mercersburg Theology. An ambitious multiyear project, it aims to make an important contribution to the scholarly community and to the broader reading public, who can at last be properly introduced to this unique blend of American and European, Reformed and Catholic theology.



Philosophy History and Theology

Philosophy  History  and Theology Author Alan P.F. Sell
ISBN-10 9781610979689
Release 2012-04-06
Pages 336
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Alan Sell here presents a selection of his wide-ranging, informative, and entertaining reviews. Among philosophical themes discussed are Locke and the Enlightenment, Richard Price, John Stuart Mill, philosophical idealism, and analytical philosophy of education and of religion. Historical studies run from the Middle Ages onwards, and encompass English, Welsh, and Scottish Nonconformity, the Evangelical Revival, the Oxford Movement, theological education, American Reformed thinkers, the crisis of belief and the Social Gospel in Canada, and evangelical and liberal theology. Theological topics include Origen, Calvin, and Dutch Reformed thinkers, American Baptists, Mercersburg Theology, Scottish theology, liberation theology, assurance, the atonement, ecclesiology, ecumenism, art and theology, Christian ethics, worship and spirituality.



Church Sacrament and American Democracy

Church  Sacrament  and American Democracy Author Adam S. Borneman
ISBN-10 149825828X
Release 2011-03-07
Pages 202
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John Williamson Nevin, architect of the nineteenth-century movement, the Mercersburg Theology, has increasingly gained respect as one of the most important theologians of American history and the broader Reformed tradition. Accompanied by the great historian, Philip Schaff, Nevin faced a headwind of American individualism, subjectivism, and sectarianism, but nevertheless forged ahead in articulating a churchly, sacramental theology rooted in the Incarnation of Jesus Christ. Drawing from the well of German Idealism and Romanticism, Nevin proposed a theological hermeneutic that was greatly at odds with the prevailing methods of his day. Nevertheless, Nevin persisted in his efforts, confident that the concepts of organic unity, catholicity, and incarnation offered a vital corrective to the tendencies of the American church and society. Hence, Nevin's theological polemics, while often focused on matters of ecclesiology and sacraments, also have much to offer in the way of a much broader theology of history, mankind, and culture. In this latest contribution to studies in the Mercersburg Theology, Borneman extracts from the Nevin corpus those writings which speak to the predominant social and political trends of the antebellum era, trends which have endured to the present day. Nevin's efforts toward a liturgically-oriented, unified, prophetic church stood over and against many of these trends. Bringing to the fore the implications of Nevin's efforts, Borneman joins a chorus of recent scholars and theologians who insist that Nevin has just as much to say to the church of the present as he did to the church of the nineteenth century. ""Borneman's analysis is both political and theologically sophisticated, a rare combination in the scholarly literature on Nevin . . . This is a work that will deeply impact the way historians and theologians understand John Williamson Nevin in the years ahead."" --Richard Lints Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary ""Nevin challenged many viewpoints that most Americans, including most American theologians, have long taken for granted; Borneman brings that challenge to us afresh in this profound new book."" --Rich Lusk author of Paedofaith ""Borneman has performed a great service by showing the sociopolitical implications of Nevin's overall philosophy and theology even where Nevin himself may not have offered extended treatments."" --Jonathan G. Bonomo author of Incarnation and Sacrament ""Borneman's work provides a valuable contribution to the growing constellation of studies on that most fascinating of nineteenth-century American theologians, John Williamson Nevin."" --W. Bradford Littlejohn author of The Mercersburg Theology and The Quest for Reformed Catholicity Adam S. Borneman earned his MDiv and ThM at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. He currently serves as pastor of Second Presbyterian Church in Birmingham, Alabama.



Systematic Theology Vol 1

Systematic Theology  Vol  1 Author Charles Hodge
ISBN-10 1331371171
Release 2015-07-14
Pages 668
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Excerpt from Systematic Theology, Vol. 1: A Series of Questions Upon the Lectures Delivered to the Students in Princeton Theological Seminary In every science there are two factors, facts and ideas; or, facts and the mind. Science is more than knowledge. Knowledge is the persuasion of what is true on adequate evidence. But the facts of astronomy, chemistry, or history do not constitute the science of those departments of knowledge. Nor does the mere orderly arrangement of facts amount to science. Historical facts arranged in chronological order, are mere annals. The Philosophy of history supposes those facts to be understood in their causal relations. In every department the man of science is assumed to understand the laws by which the facts of experience are determined; so that he not only knows the past, but can predict the future. The astronomer can foretell the relative position of the heavenly bodies for centuries to come. The chemist can tell with certainty what will be the effect of certain chemical combinations. If, therefore, theology be a science, it must include something more than a mere knowledge of facts. It must embrace an exhibition of the internal relation of those facts, one to another, and each to all. It must be able to show that if one be admitted, others cannot be denied. The Bible is no more a system of theology, than nature is a system of chemistry or of mechanics. We find in nature the facts which the chemist or the mechanical philosopher has to examine, and from them to ascertain the laws by which they are determined. So the Bible contains the truths which the theologian has to collect, authenticate, arrange, and exhibit in their internal relation to each other. This constitutes the difference between biblical and systematic theology. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.



A Dissertation on the Importance of Biblical Literature Classic Reprint

A Dissertation  on the Importance of Biblical Literature  Classic Reprint Author Charles Hodge
ISBN-10 1331599989
Release 2015-07-17
Pages 58
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Excerpt from A Dissertation, on the Importance of Biblical Literature Toward the close of December last, a Society was formed, in the Theological Seminary, at Princeton, for improvement in Biblical Literature. The exercises of this Society, are of two kinds; the first consisting in dissertations on important subjects connected with Biblical Literature; the second in translations and expositions of Sacred Scripture. These exercises are performed by the members in alphabetical order. The Constitution of the Society made it the duty of the President to read the first dissertation. It was in obedience to this requisition that the following discourse was hastily prepared. Since that time, it has been considerably enlarged: in other respects, little alteration has been made. The thought of publishing this address would never have entered the mind of the writer, had not the suggestion been made by the gentlemen, whom of all others, he is most inclined to respect. He hopes it may be viewed in the light, in which the circumstances of the case are calculated to present it; as merely intended, to give the members of an infant society, some general view of an interesting department of their studies; and to offer some considerations calculated to secure for it their diligent attention. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.



Princeton Sermons Classic Reprint

Princeton Sermons  Classic Reprint Author Charles Hodge
ISBN-10 1331557445
Release 2015-07-16
Pages 396
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Excerpt from Princeton Sermons The text or topic for consideration was announced at the preceding meeting. The professors presided in turn, and were called upon to speak in the inverse order of seniority, the professor presiding for the day coming last. For many years, the discussion was opened by re marks volunteered by the students, but in later times, the entire hour has been occupied by the professors. The historical character of this remarkable service is of course de rived from the peerless endowments, intellectual and Spiritual, of the first three professors in the institution. Men so different, yet together constituting such a singular completeness of excellence by the combi nation of their complementary graces. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.



The Way of Life Classic Reprint

The Way of Life  Classic Reprint Author Charles Hodge
ISBN-10 1331642493
Release 2015-07-17
Pages 390
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Excerpt from The Way of Life Scriptures really a revelation from God? If they are, what doctrines do they teach? And what influence should those doctrines exert on our heart and life? About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.



A Vast Practical Embarrassment

A  Vast Practical Embarrassment Author Andrew Donald Black
ISBN-10 OCLC:874758751
Release 2013
Pages 313
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John W. Nevin was the driving force behind the Mercersburg Theology, which Sydney Ahlstrom's A Religious History of the American People notably described as "the outstanding example of the Catholic tendency in American Protestantism." The Mercersburg Theology took its name from the Pennsylvania village where Nevin taught at the seminary of the German Reformed Church from 1840 to 1851. This dissertation examines the Mercersburg Theology as Nevin's attempt to address what he perceived to be a crisis of epochal proportions. Throughout Nevin's Mercersburg writings one finds references to the "church question" as the all-encompassing problem of the day. For Nevin, the church question was not merely an attempt to assess the rival doctrinal claims of competing denominations. Rather, he urged his contemporaries to consider that the conditions for the possibility of fully Christian existence simply did not exist within the strictures of mainstream American Christianity. In short, the critical thrust of the Mercersburg Theology was to convict antebellum American Protestantism that it suffered from a lack of catholicity. In the early 1850s, after nearly a decade of prolific, creative, and controversial scholarship, Nevin resigned his professional posts, giving rise to rumors that he would soon become a Roman Catholic. In the end, he did not convert, but Nevin -- and the Mercersburg Theology itself, with its grand hopes for an Evangelical Catholic church of the future -- had clearly reached an impasse. In this contextual, diachronic reading of Nevin's classic Mercersburg writings, I argue that the Mercersburg Theology is most instructive for contemporary reflection on the ongoing Catholic tendency in American Protestantism more generally precisely at the point at which Nevin tried-and failed-to resolve the church question to his own satisfaction. I contend that there is a correlation between Nevin's inability to bring the church question to a resolution and his equally inconclusive consideration, during these same years, of the classic scholastic inquiry into the motive for the Incarnation. This is a crucial link, since Nevin insisted upon a determinant relationship between the church question and the "Christ question" (i.e., Christology). Since he refrained from settling the question of whether God would have entered human history had humanity never sinned, Nevin seems to have acknowledged that insufficiently disciplined Christological speculation threatens to reduce the ultimate mystery at the heart of Christian faith. In the same way, his failure to resolve the church question suggests that Nevin ultimately believed that to provide a clear and distinct account of "historical development" (or its absence), upon which the Reformation, and the far-reaching effects variously attributed to it, can be justified as necessary (or, conversely, categorically dismissed) remove the Incarnation from what he insisted was its rightful place as the cardinal fact of history. The unfinished character of Nevin's quest serves as a kind of parable for the "Catholic tendency in American Protestantism," which indicates why the church question continues to be raised, and suggests why its resolution continues to remain elusive.



Journal of Presbyterian History

Journal of Presbyterian History Author
ISBN-10 NWU:35556001710144
Release 1979
Pages
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Journal of Presbyterian History has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Journal of Presbyterian History also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Journal of Presbyterian History book for free.



Philip Schaff 1819 1893

Philip Schaff  1819 1893 Author Gary K. Pranger
ISBN-10 UOM:39015040553771
Release 1997
Pages 305
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Philip Schaff was born and raised in Switzerland, educated in Germany, and emigrated to the United States in 1844. This work explores Schaff's place in European-American history in the nineteenth century by treating him comprehensively, exploring his mind as an immigrant and a theologian and viewing him in all his interests and in the context of his entire life. He is renowned for his unique blend of German and American evangelicalism in the Mercersburg Theology and in advocating an early ecumenism in his work with the Evangelical Alliance and many other notables. Viewed through his eyes, Schaff gives the reader a unique and interesting perspective of the nineteenth century as a participant and an observer.



History of the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church in the United States 1825 1934

History of the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church in the United States  1825 1934 Author George Warren Richards
ISBN-10 WISC:89110248580
Release 1952
Pages 660
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History of the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church in the United States 1825 1934 has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from History of the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church in the United States 1825 1934 also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full History of the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church in the United States 1825 1934 book for free.



American Presbyterians

American Presbyterians Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015013986503
Release 1989
Pages
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American Presbyterians has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from American Presbyterians also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full American Presbyterians book for free.



Theological Writings

Theological Writings Author Paul Tillich
ISBN-10 3110115409
Release 1992
Pages 446
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Learning lessons from having compiled a complete-works of the German- turned-American philosopher Tillich (1886-1965), the editors are producing a series only of his major works; presenting them only in the language (German or English) he originally published them in, with notes to changes in other versions; and prefacing each topical volume with a substantial essay in both languages characterizing Tillich's approach to the topic. Among the 24 works in the theology volume are "Systematische Theologie" (1913), "History as the Problem of our Period" (1939), and "The God above God" (1961). No index. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.